Alice has been home to people like Z.K. Matthews and his children, DDT Jabavu, King Sobhuza, Robert Mugabe, Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Govan Mbeki, Anton Lembede, Robert Sobukwe, Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi, Quett Masire, Kaiser Matanzima, Thabo Mbeki, the assassinated Secretary General of SACP, Chris Hani and many others. Most of those mentioned were taught by Prof Z.K. Matthews at Fort Hare and people like Thabo Mbeki and Chris Hani were influenced and shaped by his thinking whilst they were students at Lovedale College.
She was born in 1880 at the MacFarlane Mission in the Victoria district of Alice. She obtained a teachers certificate from Lovedale Girls School. In 1898, an experimental nurse's training school was opened for black nurses at the Lovedale Mission Hospital. In 1903, after completing her training, she was sent to Butterworth Hospital for further training, to prepare for the Colonial Medical Council examination. Makiwane was registered as the first black professional nurse on the 7th January 1908.
The University of Fort Hare opened its doors in the town of Alice in 1916 ‒ 60 years after thetown's founding, 76 years after neighboring Lovedale College came into existence, and 80 years after East London was established. It was the first higher education institution in the country for black South Africans, but it was open to all races and genders. Together, the University of Fort Hare and Lovedale College earned the Eastern Cape its reputation as “the cradle of intellectual freedom” in South Africa.
Experience 100 momentous years of history. Visit our Centenary Exhibition in the De Beers Gallery on the Alice campus and follow our Heritage Trail through Fort Hare's campuses in East London, Bhisho and the town of Alice. Explore sites of significance in a landscape that has borne witness to some of the most dramatic chapters of our past. Discover a story of intellectual advancement, ideological uprising, struggles for freedom and the making of great minds ‒ and still greater leaders.
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